湍流

湍流

图书基本信息
出版时间:2010-4
出版社:世界圖書出版公司
作者:波普
页数:771
书名:湍流
封面图片
湍流
前言
This book is primarily intended as a graduate text on turbulent flows forengineering students,but it may also be valuable to students in atmosphericsciences,applied mathematics,and physics,as well as to researchers andpracticing engineers.The principal questions addressed are the following.(i) how do turbulent flows behave?(ii)HOW can they be described quantitativelv?(iii)What are the fundamental physical processes involved?(iv)HOW can equations be constructed to simulate or model the behaviorof turbulent flows?In 1 972 Tennekes and Lumley produced a textbook that admirably ad. dresses the first three of these questions .In the intervening years. due inpart to advances in computing,great strides have been made toward pro-viding answers to the fourth question. Approaches such as Reynolds-stressmodelling,probability-density-function(PDF)methods,and large-eddy sim-ulation(LES)have been developed that,to an extent,provide quantitativemodels for turbulent flows.Accordingly,here(in Part II)an emphasis isplaced on understanding how model equations can be constructed to de.scribe turbulent flows︰and this objective provides focus to the first threequestions mentioned above(which are addressed in Part I).However,incontrast to the book by Wilcox f1993),this text iS not intended to be apractical guide to turbulence modelling.Rather,it explains the concepts anddevelops the mathematical tools that underlie a broad range of approaches.There iS a vast literature on turbulence and turbulent flows,with manyworthwhile questions addressed by many difierent approaches.
内容概要
本書是一部研究生湍流教程,是以作者在Cornell大學數年的教學講義為基礎,用最新穎的觀點,全面綜合講述湍流這一流體動力學的重要組成部分。全書的內容分為兩個組成部分,並且附有大量的附錄,第一部分集中介紹湍流的基本知識,其工作原理,以及如何量化,也包括基本物理過程;第二部分介紹了跟湍流模型和模擬有關的各種方法;附錄部分增加了理解本書所必需的數學技巧。目次︰(第一部分)基礎︰導引;流體運動方程;湍流的統計描述;均值流動方程;自由剪切流;湍流運動尺度;壁流;(第二部分)模型和仿真︰模型和仿真引入;直接數值模擬;湍流渦粘度模型;雷諾應力及其相關模型;PDF方法;大渦模擬;(第三部分)附錄。  讀者對象︰適用于工程運用物理專業研究生水平的學生,應用數學專業,物理,海洋學、大氣科學等方向的科研人員。
作者简介
作者︰(美國)波普(Stephen B.Pope)
书籍目录
List of tables Preface Nomenclature PART ONE: FUNDAMENTALS  1 Introduction   1.1 The nature of turbulent flows   1.2 The study of turbulent flows  2 The equations of fluid motion   2.1 Continuum fluid properties   2.2 Eulerian and Lagrangian fields   2.3 The continuity equation   2.4 The momentum equation   2.5 The role of pressure   2.6 Conserved passive scalars   2.7 The vorticity equation   2.8 Rates of strain and rotation   2.9 Transformation properties  3 The statistical description of turbulent flows   3.1 The random nature of turbulence   3.2 Characterization of random variables   3.3 Examples of probability distributions   3.4 Joint random variables   3.5 Normal and joint-normal distributions   3.6 Random processes   3.7 Random fields   3.8 Probability and averaging   4 Mean-flow equations   4.1 Reynolds equations   4.2 Reynolds stresses    4.3 The mean scalar equation   4.4 Gradient-diffusion and turbulent-viscosity hypotheses  5 Free shear flows   5.1 The round jet: experimental observations   5.2 The round jet: mean momentum   5.3 The round jet: kinetic energy   5.4 Other self-similar flows   5.5 Further observations  6 The scales of turbulent motion   6.1 The energy cascade and Kolmogorov hypotheses   6.2 Structure functions   6.3 Two-point correlation   6.4 Fourier modes   6.5 Velocity spectra   6.6 The spectral view of the energy cascade   6.7 Limitations, shortcomings, and refinements   7 Wall flows   7.1 Channel flow   7.2 Pipe flow   7.3 Boundary layers   7.4 Turbulent structures PART TWO: MODELLING AND SIMULATION  8 An introduction to modelling and simulation   8.1 The challenge   8.2 An overview of approaches   8.3 Criteria for appraising models  9 Direct numerical simulation   9.1 Homogeneous turbulence   9.2 Inhomogeneous flows   9.3 Discussion  10 Turbulent-viscosity models   10.1 The turbulent-viscosity hypothesis   10.2 Algebraic models   10.3 Turbulent-kinetic-energy models   10.4 The k-εmodel   10:5 Further turbulent-viscosity models  11 Reynolds-stress and related models   11.1 Introduction   11.2 The pressure-rate-of-strain tensor   11.3 Return-to-isotropy models   11.4 Rapid-distortion theory   11.5 Pressure-rate-of-strain models   11.6 Extension to inhomogeneous flows   11.7 Near-wall treatments   11.8 Elliptic relaxation models   11.9 Algebraic stress and nonlinear viscosity models   11.10 Discussion  12 PDF methods   12.1 The Eulerian PDF of velocity   12.2 The model velocity PDF equation   12.3 Langevin equations   12.4 Turbulent dispersion   12.5 The velocity-frequency joint PDF   12.6 The Lagrangian particle method   12.7 Extensions   12.8 Discussion  13 Large-eddy simulation   13.1 Introduction   13.2 Filtering   13.3 Filtered conservation equations   13.4 The Smagorinsky model   13.5 LES in wavenumber space   13.6 Further residual-stress models   13.7 Discussion PART THREE: APPENDICES  Appendix .4 Cartesian tensors   A.1 Cartesian coordinates and vectors   A.2 The definition of Cartesian tensors   A.3 Tensor operations   A.4 The vector cross product   A.5 A summary of Cartesian-tensor suffix notation  Appendix B Properties of second-order tensors  Appendix C Dirac delta functions   C.1 The definition of δ(x)   C.2 Properties of rS(x)   C.3 Derivatives of rS(x)   C.4 Taylor series   C.5 The Heaviside function   C.6 Multiple dimensions  Appendix D Fourier transforms  Appendix E Spectral representation of stationary random processes    E.1 Fourier series   E.2 Periodic random processes   E.3 Non-periodic random processes   E.4 Derivatives of the-process  Appenthix F The discrete Fourier transform  Appendix G Power-law spectra  Appendix H Derivation of Eulerian PDF equations  Appendix I Characteristic functions  Appendix J Diffusion processes Bibliography Author index Subject index
章节摘录
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评论与打分
  •     對于有一定流體力學基礎的人來說,該書是一本很好的工具性書籍︰對湍流的各種概念進行了描述。閱讀該書可以從相應的章節開始,不必逐章看(太厚了,等讀到需要的那部分,可能黃花菜就涼了)。即便是這樣,也可以感覺到作者深厚的功底和清晰的思路。當然如果需要了解最前沿的東西,可能還需要查找相應的文獻。
  •     內容還沒看,不過听說很好的書。大致看了一下,內容很全面,比較系統的介紹了湍流的相關內容。
  •     湍流經典好書,比大多數國內教材好
  •     很好的學習湍流的書。。。
  •     非常全,並且有一定的系統性。適合剛接觸湍流的興趣者。
  •     英文原著,內容翔實。包含理論部分和數值模擬部分,很值得擁有一本。
  •     基本的模型都講到了
  •     非常適合學流體的用
  •     基礎理論教程,很實用
  •     這麼專業的書,這里有,太好了!
  •     英語水平有待提高
  •     質量很好,內容豐富,在看
  •     沒怎麼看過,但是這書確實非常有名。
  •     應該是好書,抽時間好好研究研究
  •     不知道有沒有譯文版的書咧,看英文還是稍微有點吃力。
  •     很實用,可以短時間就復習好
  •     就是太厚重了,可能紙張太好了
  •     書不錯,是講湍流比較好的書籍了,但是由于湍流本身就比較復雜,所以這本書也不簡單,需要認真看。
  •     還沒看,這麼厚厚的一本英文書還是嚇著我了
  •     國內現在能買到的 湍流的經典著作吧 二版的紙張和印刷比一版的要好很多 比期望的要好 不過圖書的書角有一些折痕 可能是運輸過程中留下來的吧 無所謂了 至于內容等看完了再評
  •     算是市面上比較專業的一本書。
  •     內容很詳細,非常值得收藏
  •     又大又厚,里面的字也比較大,相信讀起來會很流暢
  •     算是廉價的盜版國外的書,不錯,可以收藏
  •     值得收藏的經典著作.
  •     只要你搜索了這書,看見了這個評論,就說明你肯定是同道了。那這本書就不用介紹了,絕對的好書和非常有用的工具書。書影印的不錯,只是有些快遞造成的踫痕。這個價格絕對值。在美國的時候沒下得了手買80幾刀的美版,回來後特意買了一本。希望多引進這樣的影印書。強力推薦!
  •     比那本計算流體動力學導論印刷質量好多了。
  •     比較適合做模擬的,做理論還是看Statistical Fluid Mechanics卷1,2
  •     印刷質量很好,就是紙有點薄。經典教材,寫的很好。
  •     很不錯,印刷很好,慢慢看了
  •     書沒看……不過質量非常不錯,印刷非常好,賣家包裝的也很結實
  •     不錯!紙張好,等待研究。
  •     內容和書的質量都還可以
  •     紙的質量也不錯,書本身也很好。
  •     不錯的原版影印書,問題講得透徹,可能是比較少有人購買的原因,表面有點破損,但無傷大雅。
  •     書印刷還行,而且送的速度挺快,下雨了還是隔天拿到了,嘿嘿
  •     印刷質量比introduction to computational fluid dynamics好得多。