The principal purpose of this book is to provide readers with a variety of measurement techniques frequently used in fluid mechanics and heat transfer experiments. Many books introducing the principles of each technique are available. However︰ an easy-to-use book combining the basics︰ test setups︰calibration procedure and results︰ and examples has yet to be introduced. The authors hope that︰ with the introduction of this book︰ the readers can quickly learn both the overall and detailed aspects of each experimental technique and then apply these to their own work.
PrefaceChapter 1 Basic Equations in Aerodynamics and Heat Transfer 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Aerodynamics 1.3 Heat transfer 1.4 Classification of measurement techniques 1.5 Closure ReferencesMeasurements in Aerodynamics Chapter 2 Flow Visualization 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Surface flow visualization with oil-dye technique (in air) 2.3 Surface flow visualization using liquid crystal (in air) 2.4 Flow visualization using ink-dye pigment injection (in water) 2.5 Other flow visualization methods References Chapter 3 Steady Pressure/Velocity/Flow Direction Measurements 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Static pressure measurement 3.3 Pressure measurements for velocity calculation in flow stream 3.4 Flow direction measurement using multi-hole probes References Chapter 4 Unsteady Pressure/Velocity Measurements 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Hot-wire anemometry 4.3 Strain gage pressure transducer References Chapter 5 Velocity Field Measurement Using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV 5.1 Introduction 5.2 General setup of PIV measurement 5.3 Parameters to be determined for better results 5.4 Error sources and uncertainty anaysis ReferencesMeasurements in Heat Transfer Chapter 6 Temperature Measurement 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Thermocouples and heat flux sensors 6.3 Calibration References Chapter 7 Temperature Mapping Using Thermochromic Liquid Crystal (TLC) 7.1 Surface temperature mapping 7.2 Properties of thermochromic liquid crystal 7.3 Application of thermochromic liquid crystal 7.4 Illumination 7.5 Calibration 7.6 Post image analysis for heat transfer coefficients References Chapter 8 Temperature Mapping Using Infrared (IR) Thermography 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Principles 8.3 Calibration 8.4 Comments 8.5 Correction for non-perpendicular viewing angle References Chapter 9 Experimental Uncertainty Analysis 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Random errors 9.3 Bias (systematic) errors ReferencesAppendix Ⅰ Fortran CodeAppendix Ⅱ Color Plates
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