計算流體動力學導論

計算流體動力學導論

图书基本信息
出版时间:2010-4
出版社:世界圖書出版公司
作者:(美)費斯泰赫 著
页数:503
书名:計算流體動力學導論
封面图片
計算流體動力學導論
前言
We were pleasantly surprised by the ready acceptance of the first edition of our book by the CFD community and by the amount of positive feedback received over a period of 10 years. To us this has provided justification of our original plan, which was to provide an accessible introduction to this fast-growing topic to support teaching at senior undergraduate level, post- graduate research and new industrial users of commercial CFD codes. Our second edition seeks to enhance and update. The structure and didactic approach of the first edition have been retained without change, but aug- mented by a selection of the most important developments in CFD.In our treatment of the physics of fluid flows we have added a summary of the basic ideas underpinning large-eddy simulation (LES) and direct numerical simulation (DNS). These resource-intensive turbulence predic- tion techniques are likely to have a major impact in the medium term on CFD due to the increased availability of high-end computing capability.Over the last decade a number of new discretisation techniques and solution approaches have come to the fore in commercial CFD codes. To reflect these developments we have included summaries of TVD techniques, which give stable, higher-order accurate solutions of convection-diffusion problems, and of iterative techniques and multi-grid accelerators that are now commonly used for the solution of systems of discretised equations. We have also added examples of the SIMPLE algorithm for pressure-velocity coupling to illustrate its workings.At the rime of writing our first edition, CFD was firmly established in the aerospace, automotive and power generation sectors. Subsequently, it has spread throughout engineering industry. This has gone hand in hand with major improvements in the treatment of complex geometries. We have devoted a new chapter to describing key aspects of unstructured meshing techniques that have made this possible.Application of CFD results in industrial research and design crucially hinges on confidence in its outcomes. We have included a new chapter on uncertainty in CFD results. Given the rapid growth in CFD applications it is difficult to cover, within the space of a single introductory volume, even a small part of the submodelling methodology that is now included in many general-purpose CFD codes. Our selection of advanced application material covers combustion and radiation algorithms, which reflects our local perspec- tive as mechanical engineers with interest in internal flow and combustion.
内容概要
本書是一本非常實用的計算流體動力學教材,它以簡明、清晰的語言介紹了計算流體動力學的基本原理、控制方程、邊界條件、湍流及其模式、有限體積法等。在保持第一版基本結構和寫作風格基礎上,增加了一部分介紹CFD重要發展;在處理流體流方面,增加了支持LES和DNS的基本觀點的綜述,使得內容結構更加完整。重點介紹了目前在各類流行商業軟件中普遍采用的基于壓力求解體系的有限體積法。本書的最大特點是彌補了理論與商用軟件之間的差距,使讀者通過該書的學習能夠掌握應用廣泛的PHOENICS,FLOW-3D和STAR-CD等計算編碼中的基本理論。目次︰緒論;流體運動守恆律與邊界條件;湍流及其模式;擴散問題的有限體積方法;對流-擴散問題的有限體積法;壓力-速度耦合在定常問題中的算法;離散方程的求解;非定常流動的有限體積方法;邊界條件提法;CFD模型的誤差和不確定度;處理復幾何的方法;燃燒的CFD模型;放射熱傳導的數值計算。
书籍目录
Preface Acknowledgements 1 Introduction   1.1 What is CFD?   1.2 How does a CFD code work?   1.3 Problem solving with CFD   1.4 Scope of this book 2 Conservation laws of fluid motion and boundary conditions   2.1 Governing equations of fluid flow and heat transfer   2.2 Equations of state   2.3 Navier-Stokes equations for a Newtonian fluid   2.4 Conservative form of the governing equations of fluid flow   2.5 Differential and integral forms of the general transport equations   2.6 Classification of physical behaviours   2.7 The role of characteristics in hyperbolic equations   2.8 Classification method for simple PDEs   2.9 Classification of fluid flow equations   2.10 Auxiliary conditions for viscous fluid flow equations   2.11 Problems in transonic and supersonic compressible flows   2.12 Summary 3 Turbulence and its modelling   3.1 What is turbulence?   3.2 Transition from laminar to turbulent }low   3.3 Descriptors of turbulent flow   3.4 Characteristics of simple turbulent flows   3.5 The effect of turbulent fluctuations on properties of the mean flow   3.6 Turbulent flow calculations   3.7 Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations and classical turbulence models   3.8 Large eddy simulation   3.9 Direct numerical simulation   3.10 Summary 4 The finite volume method for diffusion problems   4.1 Introduction   4.2 Finite volume method for one-dimensional steady state diffusion   4.3 Worked examples: one-dimensional steady state diffusion   4.4 Finite volume method for two-dimensional diffusion problems   4.5 Finite volume method for three-dimensional diffusion problems   4.6 Summary 5 The finite volume method for convection-diffusion problems   5.1 Introduction   5.2 Steady one-dimensional convection and diffusion   5.3 The central differencing scheme   5.4 Properties of discretisation schemes   5.5 Assessment of the central differencing scheme for convectiondiffusion problems   5.6 The upwind differencing scheme   5.7 The hybrid differencing scheme   5.8 The power-law scheme   5.9 Higher-order differencing schemes for convection-diffusion problems   5.10 TVD schemes   5.11 Summary 6 Solution algorithms for pressure-velocity   6.1 Introduction   6.2 The staggered grid   6.3 The momentum equations   6.4 The SIMPLE algorithm   6.5 Assembly ora complete method   6.6 The SIMPLER algorithm   6.7 The SIMPLEC algorithm   6.8 The PISO algorithm   6.9 General comments on SIMPLE, SIMPLER, SIMPLEC and PISO   6.10 Worked examples of the SIMPLE algorithm   6.11 Summary 7 Solution of discretised equations   7.1 Introduction   7.2 The TDMA   7.3 Application of the TDMA to two-dimensional problems   7.4 Application of the TDMA to three-dimensional problems   7.5 Examples   7.6 Point4terative methods   7.7 Multigrid techniques   7.8 Summary 8 the finite volume method for unsteady flows   8.1 Introduction   8.2 One-dimensional unsteady heat conduction   8.3 Illustrative examples   8.4 Implicit method for two- and three-dimensional problems   8.5 Discretisation of transient convection-diffusion equation   8.6 Worked example of transient convection-diffusion using QUICK differencing   8.7 Solution procedures for unsteady flow calculations   8.8 Steady state calculations using the pseudo-transient approach   8.9 A brief note on other transient schemes   8.10 Summary 9 Implementation of boomfary confftions  9.1 Introduction   9.2 Inlet boundary conditions   9.3 Outlet boundary conditions   9.4 Wall boundary conditions   9.5 The constant pressure boundary condition   9.6 Symmetry boundary condition   9.7 Periodic or cyclic boundary condition   9.8 Potential pitfalls and final remarks 10 Errors and uncertainty in CFD modelling   10.1 Errors and uncertainty in CFD   10.2 Numerical errors   10.3 Input uncertainty   10.4 Physical model uncertainty   10.5 Verification and validation   10,6 Guidelines for best practice in CFD   10.7 Reporting/documentation of CFD simulation inputs and results   10.8 Summary 11 Methods for dealing with complex geometries   11.1 Introduction   11.2 Body-fitted co.ordinate grids for complex geometries   11.3 Catesian vs. curvilinear grids - an example   11.4 Curvilinear grids - difficulties   11.5 Block-structured grids   11.6 Unstructured grids   11.7 Discretisation in unstructured grids   11.8 Discretisafion of the diffusion term   11.9 Discretisafion of the convective term   11.10 Treatment of source terms   11.11 Assembly of discretised equations   11.12 Example calculations with unstructured grids   11.13 Pressure-velocity coupling in unstructured meshes   11.14 Staggered vs. co-located grid arrangements   11.15 Extension of the face velocity interpolation method to unstructured meshes   11.16 Summary 12 CFD modelling of combustion   12.1 Introduction   12.2 Application of the first law of thermodynamics to a combustion system   12.3 Enthalpy of formation   12.4 Some important relationships and properties of gaseous mixtures   12.5 Stoichiometry   12.6 Equivalence ratio   12.7 Adiabatic flame temperature   12.8 Equilibrium and dissociation   12.9 Mechanisms of combustion and chemical kinetics   12.10 Overall reactions and intermediate reactions   12.11 Reaction rate   12.12 Detailed mechanisms   12.13 Reduced mechanisms   12.14 Governing equations for combusting flows   12.15 The simple chemical reacting system (SCRS)   12.16 Modelling of a laminar diffusion flame - an example   12.17 CFD calculation of turbulent non-premixed combustion   12.18 SCRS model for turbulent combustion   12.19 Probability density function approach   12.20 Beta pdf   12.21 The chemical equilibrium model   12.22 Eddy break-up model of combustion   12.23 Eddy dissipation concept   12.24 Laminar flamelet model   12.25 Generation oflaminar, flamelet libraries   12.26 Statistics of the non-equilibrium parameter   12.27 Pollutant formation in combustion   12.28 Modelling of thermal NO formation in combustion   12.29 Flamelet-based NO modelling   12.30 An example to illustrate laminar flamelet modelling and NO modelling of a turbulent flame   12.31 Other models for non-premixed combustion   12.32 Modelling ofpremixed combustion   12.33 Summary 13 Numedcal calculation of radiative heat transfer   13.1 Introduction   13.2 Governing equations of radiative heat transfer   13.3 Solution methods   13.4 Four popular radiation calculation techniques suitable for CFD   13.5 Illustrative examples   13.6 Calculation of radiative properties in gaseous mixtures   13.7 Summary Appendix A Accuracy of a flow simulation Appendix B Non-uniform grids Appendix C Calculation of source terms Appendix D Limiter functions used in Chapter 5 Appendix E Derivation of one-dimensional governing equations for steady, incompressible flow through a planar nozzle Appendix F Alternative derivation for the term (n . grad Ai) in Chapter 11 Appendix G Some examples Bibliography Index
章节摘录
插圖︰The discussion of the k-e turbulence model, to which we return later, the material in Chapters 2 and 3 is largely self-contained. This allows the use of this book by those wishing tO concentrate principally on the numerical algorithms, but requiring an overview of the fluid dynamics and the math- ematics behind it for occasional reference in the same text.The second part of the book is devoted to the numerical algorithms of the finite volume method and covers Chapters 4 to 9. Discretisation schemes and solution procedures for steady flows are discussed in Chapters 4 to 7. Chapter 4 describes the basic approach and derives the central difference scheme for diffusion phenomena. In Chapter 5 we emphasise the key prop- erties of discretisation schemes, conservativeness, boundedness and trans- portiveness, which are used as a basis for the further development of the upwind, hybrid, QUICK and TVD schemes for the discretisation of con- vective.terms. The non-linear nature of the underlying flow phenomena and the linkage between pressure and velocity in variable density fluid flows requires special treatment, which is the subject of Chapter 6. We introduce the SIMPLE algorithm and some of its more recent derivatives and also discuss the PISO algorithm. In Chapter 7 we describe algorithms for the solution of the systems of algebraic equations that appear after the discret- isation stage. We focus our attention on the well-known TDMA algorithm, which was the basis of early CFD codes, and point iterative methods with multigrid accelerators, which are the current solvers of choice.The theory behind all the numerical methods is developed around a set of worked examples which can be easily programmed on a PC. This pres- entation gives the opportunity for a detailed examination of all aspects of the discretisation schemes, which form the basic building blocks of practical CFD codes, including the characteristics of their solutions.In Chapter 8 we assess the advantages and limitations of various schemes to deal with unsteady flows, and Chapter 9 completes the development of the numerical algorithms by considering the practical implementation of the most common boundary conditions in the finite volume method.The book is primarily aimed to support those who have access to a CFD package, so that the issues raised in the text can be explored in greater depth. The solution procedures are nevertheless sufficiently well documented for the interested reader to be able to start developing a CFD code from scratch.The third part of the book consists of a selection of topics relating to the application of the finite volume method to complex industrial problems. In Chapter 10 we review aspects of accuracy and uncertainty in CFD. It is not possible to predict the error in a CFD result from first principles, which creates some problems for the industrial user who wishes to evolve equip- ment design on the basis of insights gleaned from CFD. In order to address this issue a systematic process has been developed to assist in the quantifica- tion of the uncertainty of CFD output. We discuss methods, the concepts of verification and validation, and give a summary of rules for best practice that have been developed by the CFD community to assist users. In Chapter 11 we discuss techniques to cope with complex geometry. We review various approaches based on structured meshes: Cartesian co-ordinate systems, gen- eralised co-ordinate systems based on transformations, and block-structured grids, which enable design of specific meshes tailored to the needs of dif- ferent parts of geometry. We give details of the implementation of the finite volume method on unstructured meshes. These are not based on a grid of lines to define nodal.
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《計算流體動力學導論:有限體積法(第2版)(英文版)》是由世界圖書出版公司出版的。
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评论与打分
  •     這種計算流體力學的離散方法作用很大,意義深刻。因此被許多計算軟件所采納。因此掌握此種方法更為重要,有利于自己建立模型解決模型並和其他方法耦合,達到一些計算軟件不能達到的效果。主要發現兩本比較好的,有關有限體積法的叢書,一本國防大學的,一本外文的。兩本是詳實程度不同,做重點不同,建議同時參考學習。
  •     這是關于有限體積法不可多得的一本書
  •     絕對的講CFD的經典之作,只是沒有太多時間看
  •     不錯的入門書籍,可惜沒代碼。講燃燒的太少了,湍流部分比上一版充實了不少。
  •     簡單瀏覽一下,感覺內容很詳盡,適合工程熱物理專業的學生作為參考書
  •     我是做結構抗風的,發現此書非常經典
  •     送貨很快,書的質量尚可。畢竟不能過高要求,原版新書可是過千啊。從圖書館借了就不想還,這下也算是有正版了。感謝書作者,感謝世圖,感謝當當。
    另:本書為影印版,內容與英文版無異。請注意。
  •     想學習fluent,買了這本書。應該很好。
  •     內容比較簡單,可以從基礎學起!
  •     第一次買關于專業的英文書籍,這個排版很個性,不過相當實用明晰,據說是經典,慢慢消化吧!
  •     挺不錯的,最好能有翻譯版的
  •     VOF的經典教材,值得購買收藏。
  •     好好學習了!
  •     這本書很經典,值得擁有,當當物流也很給力
  •     這本書是英文的,質量挺好,很專業
  •     當當買書方便快捷實惠
  •     經典圖書,紙張略粗糙。注意,是英文版本。
  •     老公喜歡,英文版的,只是看起來比較費勁
  •     別人推薦買的,還沒來及細看,應該不錯!
  •     全英文,紙張確實一般
  •     英文很地道,很喜歡讀
  •     英文版的。買的時候注意下。
  •     專業書在這里買,很實惠!
  •     書的質量一般,應該不是盜版,雖然紙張質量不是很好但不影響閱讀
  •     相當棒。
  •     前面一過一篇惡評 當當不讓發表,只能填5星;書有很重的油墨味,紙張很差,總之是盜版,被騙了 萬惡的當當。
  •     國內一本書叫計算傳熱學,書中的理論部分講述基本可以,但例題太少,對學生來講可操作性不強。
    這本書最大的優點就是給出了很多的例子,讓學生知道如何通過程序來實現數值算法。此外,還有對計算燃燒學和計算熱輻射學部分,內容豐富。
    影印版的質量稍微優點瑕疵。
  •     理論清晰,對英文也是考驗
  •     這本書編寫的很詳細,是一本不錯的書,適合科研人員學習。
  •     這本書嘛,還算是不錯的吧好
  •     挺喜歡的,說的比較清楚,英文不太好也能看懂
  •     比較經典,收藏了
  •     正準備細細閱讀
  •     老外的書,一般都不錯,但是外文的看起來費力氣,沒看完的,有空再看
  •     現在還沒開始看,不過應該是一本很好的書
  •     之前就有人評價紙張和印刷與盜版無異 下單時我已有心理準備 而且圖書館的書也是這樣 只能說是出版社的問題了 專門介紹FVM的書不多 可以一讀 基礎讀物 做CFD的人應該有一本
  •     書中有明顯的被腳踩過的泥印
  •     經典教材,為什麼那麼多人噴呢?說了是影印版的還要求那麼高,想要好的去買原版啊。這本書足夠了。
  •     學習CFD經典書籍,和相關CFD商業軟件緊密相連,以有限體積方法介紹CFD,初學入門必備書籍
  •     國外經典計算流體力學書的影印版,和原版相比價格很劃算,性價比高
  •     內容挺好的,紙張也還可以,當然比著教材的用紙不行
  •     紙質也非常好,比原版便宜才是最重要的啊
  •     沒話說,都很好,紙張和內容都不錯
  •     非常好的計算流體力學入門書,印刷紙張絕對沒問題,感謝世圖引進這本書,比電子版看著好多了
  •     印刷質量很好,學習有限體積法較為全面的教材。
  •     剛收到的,沒有前面說的那種紙張差的問題。開始我還擔心像巴徹特流體動力學那種影印效果呢,不過事實證明。。。紙張,印刷都非常好。剛學完安德森的,相比之下,這本的質量的要好的多,當然價格也。。。難度似乎也蠻高的。等看完接著評價吧。
  •     真的很不錯,自學是一本好教材,講的很詳細!
  •     內容比較全面,很適合初學者,對有限體積CFD介紹的比較全面,我是去年買的,質量不錯,字是小了點。
  •     這本書的紙張和油墨都像是盜版書
  •     紙張太差,印刷質量不行