高分子物理

高分子物理

图书基本信息
出版时间:2012-4
出版社:機械工業出版社
作者:斯特羅伯
页数:518
书名:高分子物理
封面图片
高分子物理

内容概要
  《高分子物理︰“結構與性能”背後的概念(英文版.原書第3版)》對高分子物理的多個領域作了生動而詳細的介紹,內容涵蓋鏈構象,高分子溶液,共混物和嵌段共聚物,半晶態聚合物,聚合物網絡,聚合物流體等多種體系。作者還使用了大量的數學處理與實驗結果,對提出的機理與數學模型進行示例與驗證,勾勒出一幅濃墨重彩的高分子物理畫卷。
  《高分子物理︰“結構與性能”背後的概念(英文版.原書第3版)》可作為化學化工、材料科學和物理學等專業的本科生和研究生教材,也可供有關領域的專家、學者閱讀參考。
作者简介
作者:(德)G.斯特羅伯
书籍目录
出版說明
推薦序
preface(前言)
preface to the first edition/第1版前言
1constitution and architecture of chains/鏈的組成與構造1
2single chain conformations /單鏈構象15
2.1rotational isomeric states /旋轉異構態15
2.2helices/螺旋19
2.3coils /線團22
2.3.1the ideal chain/理想鏈26
2.3.2the expanded chain/膨脹鏈45
2.4the persistent chain/持續鏈55
2.5the ising chain/ 伊辛鏈59
3polymer solutions /聚合物溶液69
3.1dilute and semidilute solutions/稀溶液與半稀溶液70
3.1.1osmotic pressure/滲透壓71
3.2screening of excluded volume forces/排除體積力的屏蔽82
3.3polyelectrolyte solutions/聚電解質溶液89
3.3.1condensation and screening of charges /電荷的團聚與屏蔽89
3.3.2chain stretching, salt effects and interchain
ordering/鏈伸展、鹽效應與鏈間序95
3.3.3osmotic pressure/滲透壓100
4polymer blends and block copolymers/共混物與嵌段共聚物105
4.1the flory?huggins treatment of polymer
mixtures/聚合物混合物的flory?huggins處理方法106
4.1.1phase diagrams: upper and lower miscibility
gap/相圖︰上臨界與下臨界混溶間隙117
4.2phase separation mechanisms/相分離機理122
4.3critical fluctuations and spinodal
decomposition/臨界漲落與旋節線分解129
4.3.1critical scattering/臨界散射132
4.3.2decomposition kinetics/分解動力學143
4.4block copolymer phases/嵌段共聚物的相結構151
4.4.1layered structures/層狀結構155
4.4.2pretransitional phenomena/前轉變現象157
5the semicrystalline state/半結晶態165
5.1structure characteristics/結構特征167
5.1.1morphological elements /基本形態167
5.1.2structure parameters/結構參數173
5.2kinetics of crystallization and melting/結晶與熔融動力學181
5.3laws for the structure development/結構變化規律190
5.3.1the multistage model/多階段模型199
5.4mechanisms of secondary crystallization/二級結晶機理205
5.4.1the insertion mode/插層模式208
5.4.2surface crystallization and melting/表面結晶與熔融212
5.5crystallization from oriented melts/取向熔體結晶216
6mechanical and dielectric response/力學與介電響應223
6.1response functions/響應函數224
6.1.1viscoelasticity/粘彈性224
6.1.2orientational polarization/取向極化228
6.1.3general relationships/通用公式229
contents6.2relaxatory modes/松弛模式236
6.2.1single?time relaxation process/單時間松弛過程237
6.2.2retardation and relaxation time spectra/推遲與松弛時間242
6.3specific relaxation processes and flow behavior/具體松弛過程與流動行為
245
6.3.1local processes/局部過程246
6.3.2glass?rubber transition and melt flow/玻璃?橡膠轉變與熔體流動250
6.3.3the glass transition temperature/玻璃化轉變溫度269
6.3.4relaxation in partially crystalline systems/半晶體系中的松弛277
7conjugated polymers/共軛聚合物287
7.1electrooptic activity/光電活性289
7.1.1excitons and free charges/激發與自由電荷289
7.1.2electroluminescence/電發光297
7.2effects of doping/摻雜效應302
7.2.1electrical conductivity/電導率302
7.2.2magnetism and reflectivity/磁性與反射率306
8microscopic dynamics/微觀運動學313
8.1the fluctuation?dissipation theorem/漲落?耗散原理313
8.2the rouse model/rouse模型317
8.2.1stress relaxation/應力松弛325
8.2.2the dielectric normal mode /介電基準模式330
8.3entanglement effects in polymer melts/聚合物熔體中的纏結效應333
8.3.1the reptation model/爬行模型338
8.4solution viscosities/溶液粘度 343
8.4.1neutral polymers: hydrodynamic
interaction/中性聚合物︰流體力學作用344
8.4.2polyelectrolytes: coulomb interaction/聚電解質︰靜電作用 352
9non?linear mechanics /非線性力學357
9.1rubber elasticity/橡膠彈性361
9.1.1the fixed junction model of ideal rubbers/理想橡膠的固定結點模型364
9.1.2the cauchy strain tensor/ cauchy應變張量371
9.1.3finger?s constitutive equation/ finger本構方程376
9.2swelling of neutral and electrolytic gels/中性與電解質凝膠的溶脹384
9.3non?newtonian melt flow/非牛頓熔體的流動390
9.3.1rheological material functions /流變材料函數391
9.3.2the lodge liquid/ lodge液體398
9.3.3the stress?optical rule/應力?光學規則404
10deformation, yielding and fracture/形變、屈服與斷裂415
10.1shear deformation in semicrystalline
polymers/半晶聚合物中的剪切形變418
10.1.1critical strains/臨界應變418
10.1.2constituents of the drawing stress/拉伸應力的成分426
10.1.3the mechanics of neck formation/細頸形成機理429
10.1.4fibrillar state of order/縴維化有序態435
10.2crazing/銀紋 444
10.3brittle fracture/脆性斷裂450
10.3.1linear fracture mechanics /線性斷裂力學453
10.3.2the slow mode of crack growth/裂縫生長的緩慢模式455
ascattering experiments/散射實驗463
a.1fundamentals/基本概念463
a.1.1basic equations/基本方程464
a.1.2time?resolved scattering experiments/時間分解的散射實驗468
a.2absolute intensities/絕對強度471
a.3low angle scattering properties/小角散射性質474
a.3.1guinier?s law/ guinier公式474
a.3.2forward scattering/前散射476
a.4special polymer systems/特種聚合物體系477
a.4.1binary mixtures and block copolymers/二元混合物與嵌段共聚物477
a.4.2two?phase layer systems/兩相層狀體系484
bglossary of symbols/術語與符號493
cbibliography/參考書目501
references/參考文獻505
index/索引

章节摘录
版权页:   插图:   Polymers,also known as macromolecules,are built up of a large number of molecular units that are linked together by covalent bonds.Usually they represent orgamc compoundg,containing carbon atoms together with hydrogen,oxygen,nitrogen,and halogens,etc.In this first chapter,we briefly survey the main characteristics of their chemical constitution and molecular architecture and introduce the notions employed for their description.using examples for the explanation. All these polymers are electrically neutral. If chains are built up of monomers that contain an ionizable group, i.e., a group that can dissociate into a chain—fixed kation or anion and a mobile counter—ion bearing the opposite charge, a polyelectrolyte is obtained. Table 1.2 collects a few typical examples. The first three compounds are synthetic polymers, the other two samples are biopolymers; cellulose and starch in the form of derivatives which include ionizable substitutes.  Charges on a chain can also be created by doping processes. For conjugated polymers, i.e., chains with conjugated C—C double bonds, this is particularly easy. Even more importantly, the produced charges are mobileand thus provide electrical conductivity. Table 1.3 compiles some of these special materials.
编辑推荐
《時代教育國外高校優秀教材精選高分子物理:"結構與性能"背後的概念(英文版 原書第3版)》以英文原版的形式出版,原汁原味地呈現給廣大作者,無疑為高分子界的廣大讀者做了一件好事。《時代教育國外高校優秀教材精選高分子物理:"結構與性能"背後的概念(英文版 原書第3版)》可作為化學化工、材料科學和物理學等專業的本科生和研究生相關課程的教材和參考書,也可供相關領域的專家、學者閱讀參考。


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评论与打分
  •     高分子物理經典書籍,英文版的不錯
  •     很好的關于構性關系的書籍
  •     真的很好 比一般的高物要深刻
  •     老外寫的書,簡單易懂,很不錯!
  •     封面有稍許摩擦折舊
  •     需要慢慢翻譯,可以用來作為參考書籍,理論知識豐富而且精闢!
  •     G.Strobl是名譽世界的實驗高分子物理學家,對理論的理解非常深刻,曾任歐洲高分子物理學會主席,地位可見一斑,這本書是作者畢生所學之大成,是個人所見對高分子物理敘述最為精闢的一本入門教材,要比國內教材深的多,事實上這才是真正的高分子物理,而非簡單的寫寫畫畫,指指點點(國內所謂的高分子物理),建議初學者有比較好的數理基礎,最好有四大力學的基礎,再看此書,會對高分子物理有一種全新的認識和高度。作者是散射實驗專家,因此具備散射基礎再閱讀此書無疑會大有裨益,散射方面的專著可以參看C.C.Han 2011年所著新書(只需看前兩章即可)。但本書中參雜了許多作者自己的觀念,例如在結晶中的metaphase state,即多階段模型,頗受爭議,同時力學性能中引入subcrystal也非常值得商榷,但無疑這會促進人們的思考,對推動學科的發展是非常有幫助的。這本書有中譯本,南大胡文兵,應化所門永鋒等人組織翻譯的,翻譯的不是特別理想(但還不錯了),建議中英文對照看,比較好,因為中譯本中有些許言語不像的地方,而英文版中也充斥著濃重的德國口音,兩相對照,方有所獲。