電子吸收的光譜學

電子吸收的光譜學

图书基本信息
出版时间:1999-12
出版社:東南大學出版社
作者:Lalanne, J. R.; Servant, L.; Carmona, F.
页数:325
书名:電子吸收的光譜學
封面图片
電子吸收的光譜學

内容概要
This book, a companion volume to Electronic Structure and Chemical Bonding (World Scientific, 1996), is concerned with the teaching of optical spectroscopies of electronic absorption. It is the culmination of about ten years of experience in the teaching of the subject and the training of students to become teachers in the physical sciences.   The book covers topics of current research and includes about 30 problems with solutions, most of which are adapted from tests proposed recently at the "Aggregation" in chemistry and physics. It provides as much coverage of elementary quantum mechanics, group theory and the electronic structure of molecules as is necessary for the reader to understand the rest of the topics. Also included are numerous appendices, often presented as charts to facilitate assimilation, as well as short bibliographies, limited to basic books and review articles.   This volume will be an invaluable guide for teachers and potential teachers in the physical sciences, and more generally for students and engineers in chemical physics and physics.
书籍目录
PrefaceAcknowledgmentsSymbolsPART I Theoretical FrameChapter I.-  IntroductionChapter II. - Classical Theory of Light  II. 1.  Introduction: The different representations of light  II.2.  Classical theory of light  II.2.1.  Electromagnetism and Maxwell's equations     II.2.1.1.  Maxwell's equations   II.2.1.2.  The wave equation  II.2.2.  Three solutions for Maxwell's equations     II.2.2.1.  The spherical wave   II.2.2.2.  The plane wave   II.2.2.3.  Gaussian wave   II.3.  Exercises and problems  II. 3.1.  Electromagnetic wave propagation in vacuum  II.3.2.  Search for a particular Gaussian solution of the wave equation  II.3.3.  Treatment of Gaussian wm,es with lenses II.4.  Appendices    II.4.1.  Table of electromagnetic waves    II. 4.2.  Various forms of the Maxwell's equations  ]1.4.3.  Three particular solutions to the wave equation   II.5. BibliographyChapter HI- Matter and its properties III. 1. Non relativistic quantum mechanics  III.1.1. Fundamental principles and brief history   III. 1.1.1. Probabilistic description     III. 1.1.2. The problem of measurement and operators  III.1.2. Principles of the non relativistic quantum theory   III.l.2.1. Postulates concerning the description of the system    III. 1.2.2. Principles for the measurement of physical quantities    III. 1.2.3. Evolution principle    III.1.2.4. Correspondence principle    III.1.2.5. Spin creation principle    III. 1.2.6. Antisymmetrization principle III.2. Symmetry and group theory     III. 2.1. Symmetry elements and svmmsetry operations   III.2.2. Representation of an operation by an operator   III.2.3. Group structure and classification   III.2.4. Group representation    III.2.4.1. Introduction to the notion of representation    III.2.4.2. Representation properties    III.2.4.3. Direct product of two representations III.3.  Application of quantum mechanics and group theory to the description of stationary electronic states in atoms and molecules   III.3.1. Description of the electronic structure of the hydrogen atom and of the hydrogenic atoms    III. 3.1.1. Solution of tile eigenvalue equation for tile Hamiltonian operator    IlI.3.1.2, Energy and shell model    III.3.1.3. State vector and atomic orbital multiplicity    III.3.1.4. Various representations of probability densities in real space    III.3.1.5. Spin orbit coupling   III.3.2. The description of the electronic structure of many-electron atoms      III.3.2.1. Central field approximation        III.3.2.2. Electrostatic and magnetic interactions: Russel-Saunders and spin-orbit couplings        III.3.2.3. Description of configurations    III.3.3.Description of electronic structure of molecules    III.3.3.1. General presentation    Ill.3.3.2. Methods for solving the electronic eigenvalue equation   III.3.4. Vibrational and rotational structure of electronic levels in atoms and molecules    IlI.3.4.1. Vibrational structure    III.3.4.2. Rotational structure    III.3.4.3. Vibration-rotation interaction  III.3.5. Conclusions and consequences about electronic levels IlI.4. Exercises et problems  III.4.1. Questions about symmetry: true or false?  III.4.2. General aspects of LCAO theory  III.4.3. Study of the orbitals of 1, 3 butadiene  III.4.4. Energy ofsinglet and triplet states of a two-electron system III.5. Appendices  III.5.1. Main properties of linear transformations and matrices  III.5.2. Representation of an operator by a matrix  III.5.3. Tables of the postulates of quantum theory  III.5. 4.  Tables of characters of the symmetry groups used in this book III.6. Bibliography……PART II Optical Spectroscopies of Electronec AbsorptionINDEX



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